Viola x wittrockiana 'Frizzle Sizzle' F1 has a unique flower, and is possibly quite unlike any pansy that you have seen before. It produces large 2-3 inch wide flowers, each of which is completely ruffled along the edges. This mix from the series includes the most popular shades, blue, purple, wine, gold and white with some bi-colours, each with the central dark blotch.
An addition virtue is that the plants have a well branched habit and stay compact which allows for prolific blooms, continuing throughout the cool weather months. This pansy is well loved for both autumn beds and containers and spring plantings, the colourful mix of bold flowers are quite stunning, and make a real change from traditional pansy varieties..
This winter pansy is an excellent choice for cool weather blooms, these vigorous plants grow and flower best at temperatures below 18°C (65°F), the flowers halt only for frosts and snowfalls.
The plants flower buds lie in wait through very cold spells only to bloom again with the first trace of warmer weather. They will bloom in the garden up to for up six months during autumn, winter and spring and will happily reward you with colour when many plants cannot.
They will thrive best in full sun, but will also grow under partial shade with slightly reduced flowering. Create instantly colourful containers by choosing pots of dwarf tulips or small-flowered daffodils and match them with pansies in just the right shades.
Sow from June to November and January to April
Sow seeds indoors about 6 to 8 weeks prior to being able to planted outside. Twelve weeks are needed from seeding to bloom
E.g. Sow June for planting out in August with blooms Sept onwards etc.
Sow the seed into trays or pots containing a light soil or germinating mixture, cover lightly with vermiculite or a fine covering of compost. Shade to avoid excessive temperatures which can depress germination. Keep the compost moist. Germination should be apparent in about 10-14 days at 8 to 15°C. (46-60°F) Move the seedlings to a cool, bright area as soon as they emerge, taking care to keep the seedlings moist.
Transplant as soon as they have two sets of true leaves, usually after 4-5 weeks.
Prick out into 8cm pots. Carefully pick the seedling up by the first leaves do not use the stem as this would crush the vascular system and kill the seedling. Use a small dowel or pencil or plant label to support the weight of the plant, set the seedling in then firm the soil around it.
Grow on at reasonably low temperatures i.e. temperatures not above 14°C (57°F). (Pansies are very susceptible to stretching where temperatures are high for a significant period of time.) Use a slow-release fertilizer or commence liquid feeding after 2-3 weeks. Harden off the plants prior to planting out and work a balanced organic or timed-release fertilizer into the soil at the rate recommended on the label.
Set out pansies as early as possible in the autumn so they will be well rooted when soil temperatures fall below 7°C (45°F). Three or four weeks before the first harsh frosts,
In spring, begin setting out pansies up to a month before your last frost is expected.
Plant about 15-25cm (6 to 10in) apart. Water well and make sure they are well watered for a few weeks until their roots take hold.
Pansies like sunny moist conditions. They bloom best when there is ample water, but do not tolerate wet feet. They are also heavy feeders, and a fertilizer formulated for blooming flowers should be applied every two or three weeks.
Be prepared to dead head regularly. New flowers will come on stronger when not competing with another flower that is stealing the plant energy as it tries to seed.
In the spring, when the weather warms up, pansies will start to grow upwards and then, if you do not intervene, they pansies will start growing long but in doing so, will send out a crescendo of brilliant flower. It is almost the last hurrah.
You are faced with pulling the pansy up and replacing it with summer bedding or you could clip the plant back to about 50mm from the ground, add a little fertiliser and wait. In about 3-5 weeks the pansies will be full again and starting to flower
It always pays to leave a couple go right on to seed. In late summer or the following spring, thousands of little seedlings will germinate and if you are careful, will grow into the autumn for the following years colour - best bit is, they colour will be free.
Be sure not to use pesticides if you are planning to use your pansies in the kitchen. The colourful blooms are quite attractive, and are also edible. They make a pretty garnish for salads, and blossoms frozen in ice cubes are quite nice for a luncheon. With a little imagination, pansy blossoms can be used in a number of ways in the kitchen. They make a beautiful addition to any spring meal, even if only as a decoration.
Some pansies have a delicate perfume-like aroma. Once you have smelled and identified the pansy scent, it is unforgettable, but it is not always easy to perceive. Go in search of the fragrance, Pansies seem to exude more fragrance at early morning and dusk. The yellow or blue pansy flowers seem to have the strongest scent.
The idea is to concentrate the bouquet of many plants in one area; you may wish to grow yellow or blue pansies in mass plantings or numerous plants in a patio container.
Cottage/Informal Gardens, Flowers Borders and Beds, Alpine & Rockeries, Under-planting roses and shrubs, Containers, pots & hanging baskets
The origin of the plants we now call pansy began in Iver, Buckinghamshire, England. In the early 1800's an inquisitive Lord Gambier and his gardener William Thompson began crossing various Viola species. Records tell us crosses were made among V. tricolor, V. Lutea and a blue flowered species possibly of Russian origin, V. altacia.
History credits the gardener, William Thompson, with the discovery of a cross that began the new species V. x Wittrockiana.
He found a bloom that no longer had lines of dark colour on the flower but huge blocks of colour on the lower petals called the "face." Discovered in 1839 and named "Medora," this pansy and its progeny became popular with gardeners and breeders throughout Europe.
By 1850 many new strains of pansies were available to Europeans. Breeding occurred in England, Scotland and Switzerland. Hybridization was used to breed more plant vigour and flowers that had no dark blocks or lines.
These clear pansies without a face were bred about the turn of the 20th century. Credit is given to a Scottish grower, Dr. Charles Stewart, for discovering the pansy with clear colours, no face.
A fashionable Victorian flower, pansies were supposed to be the flowers of lovers.
The word "pansy" is reported to be derived from the French, "pensee," which translates as "thought." Legend has it that pansies could transfer the thoughts of sweethearts without spoken words.
They have been used in the past as a remedy for various diseases and were a popular ingredient in love potions in Shakespeare plays and folk tales. They have been written about by Elizabeth Barrett Browning, and many others.
I send thee pansies while the year is young, Yellow as sunshine, purple as the night;
Flowers of remembrance, ever fondly sung. By all the chiefest of the Sons of Light;
And if in recollection lives regret. For wasted days and dreams that were not true,
I tell thee that the "pansy freak'd with jet" Is still the heart's ease that the poets knew.
Take all the sweetness of a gift unsought, And for the pansies send me back a thought.…
- Additional Information
Average Seed Count 25 Seeds Family Violaceae Genus Viola Species wittrockiana Cultivar F1 Frizzle Sizzle Common Name Pansy, Double, Ruffled Pansy Hardiness Hardy Perennial Flowers Blue, Purple, Wine, White, Gold and shades. Natural Flower Time 8cm (3in) ruffled blooms, autumn through to spring Height 20cm (8in) Spread 22-30cm (9-12in) Position Full sun to part shade. Notes Often used as an annual