Tomato 'Golden Queen' produces golden yellow fruit, with a thin skin and a mild, sweet and aromatic taste. This heirloom variety ripens early and has moderate burst-resistance. It produces beautiful round 6 to 8cm fruit with a weight of about 90 grams. With a slight acid content and mild but aromatic taste, this is a great salad tomato variety that will not disappoint.
One of the oldest heirlooms from Germany, known since 1886 where it is known as 'Goldene Königin' the plants bear fruit very abundantly. They can be widely used in the kitchen, both as a component of dishes and for decoration in salads. The plants will grow best in light and well-drained soil and can be successfully cultivated both in greenhouses and outdoors, and can be grown both in the ground and in containers.
This indeterminate, vining variety of tomato grows to about 200cm in height and spreads some width-wise depending on how much of the suckers are pruned and the choice of staking and support. Indeterminate tomato varieties will keep on growing the whole summer until the autumn frost. If not pruned at all the plant might tend to put energy into growing large instead of producing tomatoes on the main stem and the selected suckers. After approximately four fruit bunches pinch out the top of the plant. Always remove the offshoots in the axils of the leaves (nip out). During the summer period of strong growth should be abundantly watered and fertilised with tomato feed.
- Organic Seed.
This seed has been organically produced. The seed has been harvested from plants that have themselves been grown to recognised organic standards, without the use of chemicals. No treatments have been used, either before or after harvest and the seed is supplied in its natural state. It has been certified and is labelled with the Organic symbol.
As they cannot tolerate any degree of frost the timing for sowing and planting outside is key to successfully growing tomatoes. Where the seeds are sown under cover or indoors, aim to sow the seeds so that they reach the stage to be transplanted outside three weeks after the last frost date. Tomato plants take roughly seven weeks from sowing to reach the transplanting stage. For example, if your last frost date is early May, the seeds should be planted in early April to allow transplanting at the end of May.
Tomatoes require a full sun position. Two or three weeks before planting, dig the soil over and incorporate as much organic matter as possible.
The best soil used for containers is half potting compost and half a soil-based type loam: this gives some weight to the soil.
Plant about 3mm (1/8in) deep, in small pots using seed starting compost. Water lightly and keep consistently moist until germination occurs. Tomato seeds usually germinate within 8 to 14 days when kept at 18 to 25°C (65 to 77°F). As soon as they emerge, place them in a location that receives a lot of light and a cooler temperature 16 to 21°C (60 to 70°F), a south-facing window should work well.
When the plants develop their first true leaves, and before they become root bound, they should be transplanted into larger into 20cm (4in) pots. Young plants are very tender and susceptible to frost damage, as well as sunburn. I protect my young plants by placing a large plastic milk jug, with the bottom removed, to form a miniature greenhouse.
Depending on the components of your compost, you may need to begin fertilising. If you do fertilise, do it very, very sparingly with a weak dilution. Transplant into their final positions when they are about 15cm (6in) high. Two to three weeks prior to this, the plants should be hardened off.
Just before transplanting the tomato plants to their final position drive a strong stake into the ground 5cm (2in) from the planting position. The stake should be at least 30cm (1ft) deep in the ground and 1.2m (4ft) above ground level - the further into the ground the better the support. As the plant grows, tie in the main stem to the support stake - check previous ties to ensure that they do not cut into the stem as the plant grows. Dig a hole 45cm (18in) apart in the bed to the same depth as the pot and water if conditions are at all dry. Ease the plant out of the pot, keeping the root ball as undisturbed as far as possible. Place it in the hole and fill around the plant with soil. The soil should be a little higher than it was in the pot. Loosely tie the plant's stem to the support stake using soft garden twine –allow some slack for future growth.
A constant supply of moisture is essential, dry periods significantly increase the risk of the fruit splitting. Feed with a liquid tomato fertiliser (high in potash) starting when the first fruits start to form, and every two or three weeks up to the end of August. In September, feed with a general fertiliser (higher in nitrogen) in order to help the plant support it's foliage. Over watering may help to produce larger fruit, but flavour may be reduced. Additionally, splitting and cracking can result from uneven and excessive watering.
When the first fruits begin to form, pinch out the side shoots between the main stem. Also remove lower leaves which show any signs of yellowing to avoid infection.
Pick as soon as the fruits are ripe, this also encourages the production of more fruit. Harvest all the fruit as soon as frost threatens and ripen on a window sill.
Tomato Growth Habits Explained:
Tomato plants come in either Determinate (bush) or Indeterminate (vine) form.
Determinate tomato varieties are often referred to as “Bush” tomatoes, because they are generally shorter and do not continue growing in size throughout the growing season.
Determinate varieties are generally smaller and more compact than indeterminate tomatoes. Pruning and removing suckers from determinate tomatoes is not recommended. The plants are seldom more than 60 to 90cm (2 to 3ft) tall. Many of the very short varieties need little or no staking, but despite their compact size, staking can be useful since the concentrated fruit set can contribute considerable weight to the branches.
Determinate tomatoes grow to a fixed mature size and typically produce one large crop of fruit. They ripen all their fruit in a short period, usually about two to three weeks. Once this first flush of fruit has ripened, the plant will begin to diminish in vigour and will set little to no new fruit. When the terminal buds set fruit, the plant growth stops. They produce fruit at the end of their branches.
In general, many of the earliest varieties are determinate types. Many paste or roma tomatoes are determinate varieties, while others are bred to be determinate. Commercial growers favour this type of tomato because all the fruit can be mechanically harvested at once.
The major advantage of planting determinate plants in a home garden is early harvest. Growing determinate variety tomatoes also makes good sense when you want a large amount of tomatoes all at one time, to make tomato sauce.
Indeterminate tomato varieties often referred to as “Vine” or “Cordon”, will keep growing and producing new blossoms even after the fruit is set. Indeterminate tomatoes produce fruit clusters along their stems.
Indeterminate tomato plants continue to grow and produce tomatoes, limited only by the length of the season until frost kills the vine. These plants produce stems, leaves, and fruit as long as they are alive. Harvest may last for several months.
Tomato growers seldom allow tomato plants to actually vine. Indeterminate tomato plants will require substantial staking or caging to support what can become a large 180 to 300cm (6 to 10 ft) heavy plant. They require stakes to keep the plant from sprawling on the ground.
The majority of tomato varieties are indeterminate including most heirlooms and most cherry types and large salad varieties
Semi-determinate plants, as the name implies, are somewhere between these two other types.
The plants are generally larger than determinate (bush types) but smaller than Indeterminate plants usually growing 90 to 150cm (3 to 5ft) These plants usually require some staking. Semi-determinates are best grown to just three or four stems.
- Organic Seed.
- Additional Information
Average Seed Count 30 Seeds Seed Form Natural, Open Pollinated. Seeds per gram 400 Seeds per gram Common Name Salad Tomato, Heritage (Germany 1886)
Vine / Cordon (Indeterminate)
Other Language Names 'Golden Queen' or 'Goldene Königin' in German, but this is not the same tomato as the Golden Queen that is known in North America. Family Solanaceae Genus Lycopersicon Species esculentum Cultivar Goldene Königin Synonym Golden Queen Hardiness Half Hardy Annual Fruit 6 to 8cm, 90 grams Height 200cm (72in) Spacing 60cm (24in) Season Mid-Season Time to Sow Early April to End May Germination 8 to 14 days at 18 to 25°C Time to Harvest 70 Days