The European woodland strawberry is the old fashioned wild strawberry from European woodlands that was once widely grown in gardens, prior to the introduction of commercial strawberry cultivars. Vigorous compact plants produce few runners and give a good yield of small, intensely sweet little berries.
F. vesca gives a nice touch in cottage gardens and good groundcover. Very hard to find.
"Surely God could have created a fruit better than the strawberry, but equally surely, He didn't."
Prepare the site:
Strawberries do not like wet roots, preferring a well-drained site with a preferably slightly acid, medium loam. They tolerate shade but thrive in sunshine. Avoid frost pockets and protect the early flowers overnight, with horticultural fleece. To avoid disease build-up, grow strawberries in a different plot every three years. Add lots of well-rotted manure, turning it in well so the roots do not actually touch the manure and add Growmore in the Spring.
Sow in autumn or spring at a maximum of 5°C (41°F), using a well drained compost.
Plant out in spring or in early autumn. If in spring, de-blossom the plants in the first season to enable their roots to establish. Crowns should be at soil level, 40cm (16in) apart in the row with 1m (3ft) between the rows. Many gardeners grow strawberries through black polythene to keep the fruit off the soil. This also suppresses weeds, conserves water and stops soil splashing on the fruit. Otherwise, tuck straw or stones under the developing trusses.
When watering, do not wet the fruits, as they will develop botrytis, so use a watering can, and gently water near the crowns. Do not use a hosepipe, as it will spray the fruits, and disease will follow. Plants should be mulched in the winter
After the final harvest, tuck any spare runners into the row to fill in gaps or replace old plants. Remove any unwanted runners. Cut back the remaining foliage to about 10cm (4in) above the crown to allow the new leaves to come through. Water thoroughly and feed with a multi-purpose fertiliser such as Growmore.
Strawberry plants have a 3 year cycle…. the first year you get a small crop…the second year you get a large crop, and possibly the third year, but after three years, they lose their oomph! Strawberries can be propagated in late summer, but no later than the first week of September, by sinking 9cm (3.5in) pots of cuttings compost into the beds and inserting individual runners into them. Sever the new young plants from the parent plant when rooted
Strawberries are good companion plants for Lettuce, Onion and Spinach.
Strawberries can be used as a natural dye and give wonderful shades of pink.
- Additional Information
Packet Size 35mg Average Seed Count 100 Seeds Common Name Wild Strawberry, European Woodland Strawberry Other Language Names IR - Sú talún fiáin Family Rosaceae Genus Fragaria Species vesca Cultivar European Woodland Strawberry Hardiness Hardy Perennial Height 10 to 15cm (4 to 6in) Spread 22 to 30cm (9 to 12in) Position Full Sun to Part Shade Soil Well-drained/light, Moist Time to Sow Sow in Autumn or Spring at a maximum of 5°C (41°F) Time to Harvest June till frosts