Boasting distinctive flower-heads, Monarda 'Panorama Red Shades' is the first separate colour available from seed. Each flower consists of a large number of curving tubular flowers growing out from a central point, creating a shaggy dome of petals. They bloom profusely, are as long-lasting as they are dramatic and are excellent for cutting.
Each plant bears up to 20 long stems. They bloom profusely, are as long-lasting as they are dramatic and are excellent for cutting. They are also extremely attractive to butterflies. The plant has a long flowering season, from early summer to early autumn, and will bloom almost continuously if dead-headed periodically.
Bees and butterflies are especially attracted to the vibrant flowers and nectar of this pretty plant. It is excellent as a bedding plant or in the butterfly garden. Both the flowers and foliage are scented. The aromatic, spicy, summery scent is perfect for potpourri.
This variety is resistant to powdery mildew and is a foolproof plant, trouble-free and a joy for the garden and vase.
Sowing: Late winter/late spring and late summer/autumn.
Monarda is easily grown from seed. They can be started early in pots or sown directly where they are to flower once all danger of frost is passed.
Surface sow at 1.5mm (1/16in) deep in pots or trays containing good seed compost. “Just cover” the seed. Make sure the compost is kept moist but not wet and seal inside a polythene bag until germination which usually takes 10-24 days at around 20°C (68°F). Once seedlings are large enough to handle, transplant to 7cm (3in) pots. Harden off before planting into their final positions in early summer. Space 30cm (12in).
Plant 1/8in deep in good quality compost. Germination takes 10 to 30 days. Thin out when large enough to handle, so that they are finally 30cm (12in) apart. Provide additional water if necessary until the plants reach 30cm (10in)
Resist the temptation to crowd plants too closely--they will spread of their own accord soon enough. Clumps should be divided every three years to remove excess woody growth which will over time retard good growth.
If you wish to collect seeds or leave to self sow, allow the seeds to mature completely before cutting. (the spherical heads become dry and brown)
Use young leaves for flavouring for meats. The petals are edible in salads.
A tea from the spicy leaves of this plant is known as Oswega Tea and used to improve digestion. Both leaves and blooms contain thymol-related antibiotic-antiseptic compounds.
When crushed, the leaves can make an effective insect repellent
Bedding plant, Informal / cottage garden, Herb garden, Prairie planting, Short grass meadow, Bee & Butterfly garden.
Table cuttings, Dried flower arrangements and to perfume pot-pourri.
Native to Midwest America, this genus takes its name after Nicolás Bautista Monardes (1493-1588) a physician and botanist from Seville in Spain. Monardes wrote extensively in the 16th century about New World medicinal plants and is considered one of the founders of experimental pharmacology.
Monardes wrote the first account of many of the new plants discovered in America at the time. Although he never visited the New World himself, Monardes established a botanical garden in Seville where he cultivated specimens and studied the effects of medicinal plants imported from the Americas. He published his 'Two books...about the Drugs from the West Indies used in Medicine' in 1565, and it included the first illustrations of coca, tobacco and sunflowers, as well as many other plants. It is known that Monardes also believed that tobacco smoke was an infallible cure for everything.
The species name didyma is derived from the Greek meaning ‘double’ in reference to the flowers having stamens in pairs.
Monarda species have a number of common names. Its most popular being 'Bee Balm', as the flowers are highly attractive to bees.
The common name 'Oswego Tea' was named by early explorer John Bartram who found settlers near Oswego, New York using its leaves for tea.
Although it is often referred to as 'Bergamot', it is not he source of Bergamot used in Earl Grey tea. The name was inspired by the fragrance of the leaves, which is reminiscent of bergamot orange, Citrus bergamia.
- Additional Information
Average Seed Count 30 Seeds Seed Form Natural Family Lamiaceae Genus Monarda Species didyma Cultivar Panorama Red Shades Synonym Also marketed as 'Red' or 'Red Colours' Common Name Bee Balm, Bergamot. Oswego Tea, Horsemint Hardiness Hardy Perennial Flowers Tubular flowers in shades of Red Natural Flower Time May through August Height 60-90cm (24-36in) Spread 60-75cm (24-30in) Position Full sun or partial shade Soil Moist to dry sandy soil. Time to Sow Late winter/late spring and late summer/autumn. Notes Herb