Primula beesiana is a perennial candelabra Primula of outstanding garden merit. Closely related to Primula bulleyana it was found growing in the mountain meadows and slopes of Yulong Xue Shan, the Green Jade Dragon Mountain in Yunnan provence, China.
This 'proliferae' or candelabra section primula is now treated as a subspecies of Primula bulleyana.
Primula beesiana a fantastic primula for the June garden, performing well in all soils that remain moist. This vigorous variety produces stout stems around 60cm (24in) tall, each stem carries six to eight whorls of deep pink flowers in late spring and throughout the summer months, which sit atop rosettes of lance shaped leaves.
This candelabra species enjoys a damp spot in the garden in sun or partial shade and will thrive under such conditions. It is an ideal species beside ponds and streams and assorts well with all of the other candelabras such as Primula japonica.
The plant is long-lived and spreads itself by self sown seedlings in damp conditions. It also looks very attractive in the garden border in a soil that does not dry out. This is a very hardy Primula and one which will establish itself very quickly. Clump forming, it can be divided in early spring.
- Awarded the RHS Award of Garden Merit
Primula beesiana has been awarded the Royal Horticultural Society’s Award of Garden Merit (AGM).
Sowing: Sow seeds in late spring/early summer or late summer/autumn.
Primula seeds need a period of cold and damp to enable them to germinate. Sow on the surface of seed compost, cover with grit and keep in a shaded cold-frame or cool glasshouse.
Sow seed 2.5cm (1in) apart in trays or cells containing seed compost. Sow the seeds on the surface of the compost, (Do not cover - they need light to germinate) and place in a light position at a regular temperature of around 16°C (60°F) Germination should take place between 21 and 40 days.
Primula seeds can also be sown during warmer times of the year, but it would be necessary to artificially simulate “winter” using the following method of “stratification”:
Place the seeds between two pieces of damp filter paper or folded kitchen roll then put into a polythene bag and place this into the fridge at 4°C (39°F) which is the temperature that most fridges are set at. Inspect the seeds after two weeks and remove as the seedlings appear, returning the ungerminated seeds to the fridge.
Although most seeds should germinate in 4 to 5 weeks, germination can be erratic, it is not unknown for seeds still to be germinating up to two years after sowing. Remove the seedlings and place the pot in a shaded corner of the garden….just in case!
When seedlings have their first pair of true leaves and are large enough to handle, transplant into 7.5cm (3in) pots containing peaty compost. Grow on then gradually acclimatise to outdoor conditions for 10 to 15 days before planting out. Plant them in a humus-rich, moisture retentive soil and in partial shade.
The important factor is that the roots should not dry out, so incorporate plenty of organic matter when you plant, mulch well in autumn and spring and water regularly if they are in the open.
Cut back after flowering. Once established, they benefit from being lifted and divided every two years in early spring.
Allow this Primula to seed down and you will get a colourful array of seedlings to carpet the moist area.
Shade and Woodland Gardens. Bog, ponds and streams. Wildlife and Pollinators.
Primulas are one of the most popular species of plants which are seen in gardens. There are at least 425 species with over 300 of them found in Asia. 33 more are found in Europe and 20 found in North America.
Primula beesiana is a candelabra primula, closely related to P. bulleyana and found on the slopes of Yulong Xue Shan the Green Jade Dragon Mountain in Yunnan provence, China.
The Jade Dragon Snow Mountain (Yulong Mountain) is now a famous scenic spot for sightseeing, mountaineering, skiing, exploration and scientific research. It is the southernmost glacier in the Northern Hemisphere. Looking from Lijiang Old Town in the south which is 15 kilometers (nine miles) away, , the snow-covered and fog-enlaced mountain resembles a jade dragon lying in the clouds, hence the name.
Consisting of 13 peaks, among which Shanzidou is the highest with an altitude of 5,600 meters (18,360 feet), the mountain stretches a length of 35 kilometers (22 miles) and a width of 20 kilometers (13 miles).
Jade Dragon Snow Mountain is a sanctuary for rare animals and wild plants. In fact, one fourth of all plant species in China can be found here and 20 primeval forest communities shelter a big family of 400 types of trees and 30 kinds of animals which are protected by the state. These species live in different temperature levels and create different kinds of views.
The Legend of the Jade Dragon Snow Mountain:
In ancient times, two twins Haba Snow mountain and Jade Dragon Snow Mountain lived in the area and panned for gold in the Golden Sand (Yangtze) River. One day an evil demon started to terrorise the river. The twins fought the demon and Haba died in the ensuing fight and Jade Dragon wore out 13 swords to defeat the demon.
After the fight Jade Dragon Jade Dragon stood guard over the local people with his 13 swords. Over time the two brothers turned into snow covered mountains and the 13 swords became the 13 peaks.
The genus Primrose is ultimately derived from Old French primerose or medieval Latin prima rosa, meaning “first rose".( Latin primus - meaning ‘first’ and Rosa for Rose). Primroses flowers in early spring, one of the earliest spring flowers in much of Europe.
The synonym Bulleyana is named after Arthur Kilpin Bulley (1861–1942), an English cotton broker and sponsor of George Forrest (1873-1932) a plant hunter and discoverer of this plant.
Primula beesiana is a 'Proliferae' type of primula, the word derives from 'proliferate', meaning to increase in number rapidly, which refers to the whorls of flowers. They are also commonly called Candelabra section primulas.
Candelabra primulas take their name from the fact that the flowers on the plants in this group are arranged in whorls set at intervals up an otherwise bare stem. The general effect is like a candelabrum.
Primula beesiana is commonly known as the Bees primrose.
Primrose and Polyanthus are a diverse group of the Primulaceae, the Primula family. There are societies dedicated to single species that are centuries old and many other societies which have their roots in the Victorian era where several species where highly desirable for collections and collectors.
- Awarded the RHS Award of Garden Merit
- Additional Information
Packet Size 20mg Average Seed Count 80 Seeds Seed Form Natural Family Primulaceae Genus Primula Species beesiana Synonym Proliferae section (Candelabra types) Common Name Candelabra Primrose (subsp Primula bulleyana) Other Common Names Candelabra Primrose, The Bees primrose. Hardiness Hardy Perennial Flowers Whorls of deep pink flowers with a yellow eye. Natural Flower Time April to July Foliage Mid green, oval, velvety, scalloped Height 60cm (24in) Spread 30cm (12in) Position Light Shade Soil Moist, fertile, humus rich soil