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Monarda didyma 'Panorama Red Shades'

Bee Balm, Bergamot. Oswego Tea, Horsemint

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Monarda didyma 'Panorama Red Shades'

Bee Balm, Bergamot. Oswego Tea, Horsemint
$2.73

Availability: In stock

Average Seed Count:30 Seeds
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Boasting distinctive flower-heads, Monarda 'Panorama Red Shades' is the first separate colour available from seed. Each flower consists of a large number of curving tubular flowers growing out from a central point, creating a shaggy dome of petals. They bloom profusely, are as long-lasting as they are dramatic and are excellent for cutting.

Each plant bears up to 20 long stems. They bloom profusely, are as long-lasting as they are dramatic and are excellent for cutting. They are also extremely attractive to butterflies. The plant has a long flowering season, from early summer to early autumn, and will bloom almost continuously if dead-headed periodically.

Bees and butterflies are especially attracted to the vibrant flowers and nectar of this pretty plant. It is excellent as a bedding plant or in the butterfly garden. Both the flowers and foliage are scented. The aromatic, spicy, summery scent is perfect for potpourri.
This variety is resistant to powdery mildew and is a foolproof plant, trouble-free and a joy for the garden and vase.



Sowing: Late winter/late spring and late summer/autumn.
Monarda is easily grown from seed. They can be started early in pots or sown directly where they are to flower once all danger of frost is passed.


Sowing Indoors:
Surface sow at 1.5mm (1/16in) deep in pots or trays containing good seed compost. “Just cover” the seed. Make sure the compost is kept moist but not wet and seal inside a polythene bag until germination which usually takes 10-24 days at around 20°C (68°F). Once seedlings are large enough to handle, transplant to 7cm (3in) pots. Harden off before planting into their final positions in early summer. Space 30cm (12in).


Sowing Direct:
Plant 1/8in deep in good quality compost. Germination takes 10 to 30 days. Thin out when large enough to handle, so that they are finally 30cm (12in) apart. Provide additional water if necessary until the plants reach 30cm (10in)


Cultivation:
Resist the temptation to crowd plants too closely--they will spread of their own accord soon enough. Clumps should be divided every three years to remove excess woody growth which will over time retard good growth.
If you wish to collect seeds or leave to self sow, allow the seeds to mature completely before cutting. (the spherical heads become dry and brown)


Culinary Use:
Use young leaves for flavouring for meats. The petals are edible in salads.


Medicinal Use:
A tea from the spicy leaves of this plant is known as Oswega Tea and used to improve digestion. Both leaves and blooms contain thymol-related antibiotic-antiseptic compounds.


Pest Repellents:
When crushed, the leaves can make an effective insect repellent


Ornamental Use:
Bedding plant, Informal / cottage garden, Herb garden, Prairie planting, Short grass meadow, Bee & Butterfly garden.
Table cuttings, Dried flower arrangements and to perfume pot-pourri.


Nomenclature:
Native to Midwest America, this genus takes its name after Nicolas Monardes a 16th century botanist/ physician, from Seville in Spain. He wrote extensively in the 16th century about New World medicinal plants and is considered one of the founders of experimental pharmacology.
Didyma is derived from the Greek meaning ‘double’ in reference to the flowers having stamens in pairs.
It is commonly known as the Bee Balm Plant, Horsemint, Monarda, Bergamot and Oswego Tea Plant,
The common name Oswego Tea is from early explorer John Bartram who found settlers near Oswego New York using its leaves for tea.
Although it is often referred to as Bergamot, it is not he source of Bergamot used in Earl Grey tea.


Additional Information

Additional Information

Average Seed Count 30 Seeds
Seed Form Natural
Family Lamiaceae
Genus Monarda
Species didyma
Cultivar Panorama Red Shades
Common Name Bee Balm, Bergamot. Oswego Tea, Horsemint
Hardiness Hardy Perennial
Flowers Tubular flowers in shades of Red
Natural Flower Time May through August
Height 60-90cm (24-36in)
Spread 60-75cm (24-30in)
Position Full sun or partial shade
Soil Moist to dry sandy soil.
Time to Sow Late winter/late spring and late summer/autumn.
Notes Herb

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