'Panorama' must be rated a marvelous achievement in the perfection of the whorls of flowers and the brilliance of the colours in many shades of scarlet, bright red, pink, salmon and crimson. Each plant bears up to 20 long stems; they bloom profusely, are as long-lasting as they are dramatic and are excellent for cutting.
This foolproof Monarda boasts scented flowers and foliage, for a dramatic impact in the garden. They herald the arrival of midsummer and are extremely attractive to butterflies. Both the flowers and the foliage are aromatic and boast a spicy, summery scent.
Bees and butterflies are especially attracted to the vibrant flowers and nectar of this pretty plant. It is excellent as a bedding plant or in the butterfly garden.
This delightful cultivated strain was introduced over 300 years ago, it is best in consistently moist soil receiving full sun or afternoon shade, this Bee Balm is a trouble-free joy for the garden and vase.
Sowing: Late winter/late spring and late summer/autumn.
Monarda is easily grown from seed. They can be started early in pots or sown directly where they are to flower once all danger of frost is passed.
Surface sow at 1.5mm (1/16in) deep in pots or trays containing good seed compost. “Just cover” the seed. Make sure the compost is kept moist but not wet and seal inside a polythene bag until germination which usually takes 10-24 days at around 20°C (68°F). Once seedlings are large enough to handle, transplant to 7cm (3in) pots. Harden off before planting into their final positions in early summer. Space 30cm (12in).
Plant 1/8in deep in good quality compost. Germination takes 10 to 30 days. Thin out when large enough to handle, so that they are finally 30cm (12in) apart. Provide additional water if necessary until the plants reach 30cm (10in)
Resist the temptation to crowd plants too closely--they will spread of their own accord soon enough. Clumps should be divided every three years to remove excess woody growth which will over time retard good growth.
If you wish to collect seeds or leave to self sow, allow the seeds to mature completely before cutting. (the spherical heads become dry and brown)
Use young leaves for flavouring for meats. The petals are edible in salads.
A tea from the spicy leaves of this plant is known as Oswega Tea and used to improve digestion. Both leaves and blooms contain thymol-related antibiotic-antiseptic compounds.
When crushed, the leaves can make an effective insect repellent
Bedding plant, Informal / cottage garden, Herb garden, Prairie planting, Short grass meadow, Bee & Butterfly garden.
Table cuttings, Dried flower arrangements and to perfume pot-pourri.
Native to Midwest America, this genus takes its name after Nicolas Monardes a 16th century botanist/ physician, from Seville in Spain. He wrote extensively in the 16th century about New World medicinal plants and is considered one of the founders of experimental pharmacology.
Didyma is derived from the Greek meaning ‘double’ in reference to the flowers having stamens in pairs.
It is commonly known as the Bee Balm Plant, Horsemint, Monarda, Bergamot and Oswego Tea Plant,
The common name Oswego Tea is from early explorer John Bartram who found settlers near Oswego New York using its leaves for tea.
Although it is often referred to as Bergamot, it is not he source of Bergamot used in Earl Grey tea.
- Additional Information
Packet Size 17mg Average Seed Count 30 Seeds Family Lamiaceae Genus Monarda Species didyma Cultivar Panorama Mix Common Name Bee Balm, Bergamot. Oswego Tea, Horsemint Hardiness Hardy Perennial Flowers Tubular flowers in four colours Natural Flower Time May through August Height 60-90cm (24-36in) Spread 60-75cm (24-30in) Position Full sun or partial shade Soil Moist to dry sandy soil. Time to Sow Late winter/late spring and late summer/autumn. Notes Herb