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Euphorbia schillingii

Schillingii’s Spurge.

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Euphorbia schillingii

Schillingii’s Spurge.
€1.86

Availability: Out of stock

Packet Size:15 Seeds
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Herbaceous Euphorbias or Spurges, to use one of their vernacular names, have become commonplace in herbaceous borders and woodland gardens. Little wonder given their beauty, diversity and relative ease of cultivation.
The Himalayas have offered gardeners some gems among spurges and new varieties with yellow flowers are always welcome. The golden-yellow bracts look like stars from a distance; they bring a little zing to the garden and bring the borders to life.

From Eastern Nepal, Euphorbia schillingii, is prized for its unique chartreuse flower heads, textural foliage, and garden structure. The plant is politely clump-forming, with veined rubbery, lance shaped green leaves with light midribs. The stems terminate in compound chartreuse-yellow florets which radiate in every direction producing a dome reaching almost to the ground.

Euphorbia schillingii will flourish in full sun or lightly dappled shade and is a natural woodlander. Preferring a good, humus rich soil, it is also happy to grow in containers. Hardy to minus 18°C (-1°F), this elegant plant will grow to around 90cm (36in) in height. With a gentle honeyed scent it and will attract beneficial insects to the garden and brighten up a moderately shady area in springtime,

Euphorbia schillingii was collected from Nepal by Tony Schilling, who was the inspiration of the Botanical garden in Wakefield Place, Sussex, and it was named in honour of him.

It has been awarded the RHS Award of Garden Merit.



Sowing: Sow in late spring to early summer.
Soak the seeds for two hours in warm water before sowing. Euphorbia plants do not like root disturbance, so it is best to sow the seeds in place of growth or to use deep plugs or pots. Grow at 20 to 26°C (68 to 78°F) . Be patient, germination is generally very slow, it may occur in two to three weeks at but sometimes can take a few months.


Sowing Direct:
Sow directly where they are to grow, once temperatures have risen and the soil has warmed. Sow on the surface of the soil and keep damp but not wet.


Sowing Indoors:
Surface sow the seeds into plugs or small pots using a good seed sowing mix or well drained soil and cover seed with vermiculite, do not exclude light.
Prick out each seedling as it becomes large enough to handle, transplant into larger pots to grow on. Gradually acclimatise to outdoor conditions for 10 to 15 days before planting out. Plant 30cm (12in) apart in sun and ordinary well drained soil.


Cultivation:
Euphorbia need full sun to partial shade, with a well-drained soil mix. The plants should be well watered and be allowed to dry before watering again. The plants are native to poor soils and do not need fertiliser or excessive water. Too much of either will provide lush growth but at the expense of flowers.


Plant Uses:
Borders and Beds. Cut Flowers.


Cut Flowers:
To produce longer lasting cut flowers, sear the cut ends over a flame or dip them in boiling water.


Caution:
As with all members of the Euphorbiaceae, plants and seed are toxic if eaten.
When working with spurges, plants should be handled with care, especially when sap is showing. Always wear gloves since the milky sap is poisonous and a potential skin irritant. The latex is corrosive to the skin and can cause burns or dermatitis.


Origin:
Euphorbias appear as natives across the world, with Euphorbia schillingii originating from eastern Nepal.
Euphorbias are one of the most interesting and diverse genus, featuring an incredible 2,000 plus widely varying species, including many good garden plants. The plant belongs to the same family as the Poinsettia, Euphorbia Pulcherrima.


Nomenclature:
Euphorbia schillingii was collected from Nepal by Tony Schilling, who was the inspiration of the Botanical garden in Wakefield Place, Sussex, and it was named in honour of him.

The genus was named after Euphorbes, the personal physician to the Numidian king Juba II, who is said to have discovered the toxic and curative potential of the white and milky sap in the plant.
The word Euphorbus derives from the Greek eu meaning ‘good’ and phorbe meaning ‘pasture or fodder’ thus giving euphorbos the meaning ‘well fed.’
The common name ‘Spurge’ derives from the old French espurgier meaning 'to purge', as the sap of herbaceous euphorbias used to be used as a purgative, a laxative.

The name Euphorbia is named for Euphorbus, the Greek physician of Juba II, the King of Mauretania.
Juba was educated in Rome and married the daughter of Antony and Cleopatra.
He was apparently interested in botany and had written about an African cactus-like plant he had found or which he knew about from the slopes of Mt. Atlas which was used as a powerful laxative. That plant may have been Euphorbia resinifera, and like all Euphorbias had a latexy exudate.
Euphorbus had a brother named Antonius Musa who was the physician to Augustus Caesar in Rome. When Juba heard that Caesar had honoured his physician with a statue, he decided to honour his own physician by naming the plant he had written about after him.
The word Euphorbus derives from the Greek eu meaning ‘good’ and phorbe meaning ‘pasture or fodder’ thus giving euphorbos the meaning ‘well fed.’
Some sources suggest that Juba was amused by the play upon words and chose his physician's name for the plant because of its succulent nature and because of Euphorbus' corpulent physique.
One species of Euphorbia, E. regis-jubae, was named in honour of King Juba II.


Additional Information

Additional Information

Packet Size 15 Seeds
Seed Form Natural
Family Euphorbiaceae
Genus Euphorbia
Species schillingii
Synonym Euphorbia epithymoides
Common Name Schillingii’s Spurge.
Hardiness Hardy Perennial
Flowers Mid spring to mid summer
Height 90cm (36in)
Spread 50cm (20in)
Position Full Sun to Partial Shade.
Time to Sow Sow in early spring to early autumn.
Germination Be patient, germination is generally very slow

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